The hormonal IUD (IUS): is a small T shaped device that is inserted into the uterus by a healthcare provider. This type of birth control contains synthetic versions of progesterone, which are hormones (aka chemicals) that are naturally occurring in the body. The hormones in the IUD regulate the hormonal variations in a body to reduce the risk of pregnancy. The IUD can provide relief from menstrual or premenstrual (aka. period) issues such as irregular or painful periods.
To use the IUD a healthcare provider will insert the device into your uterus. This process takes around 5 minutes. Attached to the IUD are two-inch-long threads that hang down through the cervix (the opening to the uterus) and into the top of the vagina. These strings help healthcare providers (or yourself) check to ensure the IUD is still in the right position. In Canada, hormonal IUDs can be used for up to 5 years to prevent pregnancy.
The hormonal IUD is 99% effective at preventing pregnancy with typical use and is around $350-$450.