What is it?

A vasectomy is a surgical form of birth control that stops sperm, which is required for a pregnancy, from coming out of the penis. This is a permanent form of birth control that is not recommended if someone wants to reproduce later in life.

How does it work?

The vas deferens, the tube that delivers sperm from the testicles to the urethra, is cut or blocked.

How do you use it?

A doctor makes a small cut in the scrotum to reach the vas deferens. After the vasectomy, it takes 2-3 months for sperm to be completely absent from ejaculate.

How do you get it?

You need a referral from your family doctor or nurse to see a specialist that performs vasectomies.

How effective is it?  

About 99% effective.

Does it reduce the risk of STIs?

No. It does not reduce the risk of STI’s.

Reasons someone might choose this method of birth control

  • Very effective at preventing pregnancy.
  • Does not interrupt sex.
  • Long lasting.

Reasons someone might not choose this method of birth control

  • Difficult to access as a younger person.
  • Requires minor surgery.
  • Cannot be reversed

Top of page