Tubal Ligation

What is tubal ligation?

Tubal Ligation is a surgical form of birth control that stops the egg or ova, which is required for a pregnancy, from going into the uterus. This is a permanent form of birth control that is not recommended if someone wants to reproduce later in life.

How does it work?

The fallopian tubes, which carry the egg out to the uterus and any waiting sperm, and cut or blocked.

How do you use it?

A doctor creates a small incision near the belly button in order to cut, clamp, or burn the fallopian tubes.

How do you get it?

You need a referral from your family doctor or nurse to see a specialist who performs tubal ligation.

How much does it cost?

The procedure costs $0 if you have an Ontario Health Insurance Program (OHIP) Card. If you do not have an OHIP card and are seeking financial support for tubal ligation, contact Planned Parenthood Ottawa for resources.

How effective is it?  

About 99% effective.

Does it reduce the risk of STIs?

No. It does not reduce the risk of STI’s.

Reasons someone might choose this method of birth control

  • Very effective at preventing pregnancy.
  • Does not interrupt sex.
  • Long lasting.

Reasons someone might not choose this method of birth control

  • Difficult to access as a younger person.
  • Requires minor surgery.
  • Cannot be reversed

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