Sexually Transmitted Infections
Sexually transmitted infections (STI) are passed from one partner to another during sexual activity. Some STIs can be passed through skin-to-skin contact (like Herpes and HPV), while others require fluid transmission (such as HIV and Chlamydia). Most STIs can be transmitted through oral, vaginal, and anal sex.
In most cases, you can greatly reduce the risk of getting an STI by using barrier methods, such as an internal or external condom, or the use of a dental dam during oral-vaginal or oral-anal contact.
If you’ve been exposed to an STI, you may not test positive for it right away. It takes different amounts of time for each STI to show up on a test.
Sexually transmitted infections include:
- Genital Herpes
- Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
- Hepatitis B
- Yeast Infection
- Pubic Lice
Sexually Transmitted infections in Ottawa
Although the number of people in Ottawa being diagnosed HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and Hepatitis B are decreasing, the number of people in Ottawa being diagnosed with Syphilis, Chlamydia, and Gonorrhea have been increasing for the past several years.
There are statistics available for each of the STIs in Ottawa for 2010, available here. These only include number of people who have tested positive for an STI, not those who are living with STIs and don’t know it.